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Month: November 2022

BorgBackup Repository on DSM 7.0

A few years back I began using Borg for backing up nuxx.net, sending it home to my Synology DSM 1019+. At the time this was running the 6.x family of DSM and worked great, but it broke after moving to v7.0. Attempts to run Borg would result in this error:

/var/services/homes/borguser/borg: error while loading shared libraries: libz.so.1: failed to map segment from shared object

This appears to be happening because with the upgrade to v7.0 /tmp is mounted noexec.

adminuser@diskstation:/var/services/homes/borguser$ mount | grep /tmp
tmpfs on /tmp type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec)
adminuser@diskstation:/var/services/homes/borguser$

While a few online solutions (such as this one) propose remounting /tmp with exec, this is a poor solution as it changes the security model for DSM v7.0 and may break in the future during an upgrade. The best solution for this is to create a private temp directory for just borguser and define it as $TMPDIR.

To do this create ~borguser/tmp, ensure it’s owned by your Borg user, and set it to 700:

mkdir ~borguser/tmp
chown borguser:users ~borguser/tmp
chmod 700 ~borguser/tmp

Then create a wrapper script for Borg setting this variable. The result will be Borg using ~borguser/tmp for it’s private temporary directory, leaving /tmp alone, working nicely with the DSM v7.0 security design. I keep mine in ~borguser/.ssh and call it borg.sh. Mine is like this:

adminuser@diskstation:/var/services/homes/borguser$ sudo cat .ssh/borg.sh
!/bin/sh
export TMPDIR=$HOME/tmp
/var/services/homes/borguser/borg serve --storage-quota 120G --restrict-to-repository /volume2/Backups/borg
adminuser@diskstation:/var/services/homes/borguser$

Finally, change ~borguser/.ssh/authorized_keys limiting the backup user to executing the new script.

command="/var/services/homes/backupuser/.ssh/borg.sh",restrict,from="192.168.0.23" ssh-rsa AAAA[...restofkeygoeshere...] remoteuser@remoteserver.example.com

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HOWTO: Apple TV Volume Control of Bose Solo Soundbar Series II

After moving into our new house I we switched our trainer TV’s audio setup to a Bose Solo Soundbar Series II from Costco for $159.99. It’s a cheaper, basic soundbar that connects via TOSLINK, but sounds plenty good for TV/movie watching while pedaling away during the winter.

One of the really nifty features of the Apple TV is its ability to learn the infrared (IR) remote control signals of a another device so its remote can control the volume of receivers and such. This works out wonderfully, as with HDMI ARC, from the one Apple remote we can wake up the Apple TV, wake up the TV (and have it switch to the correct input), and control the volume of the soundbar.

Unfortunately, the learning process just didn’t work with the IR remote that comes with the soundbar. For whatever reason the Apple TV wouldn’t detect the IR signal being sent and the learning would fail.

Our previous setup — an old Yamaha home theater receiver and some Energy surround sound speakers — had no problems with the Apple TV. Once set up it was super convenient, so I wanted this in the new house.

I was able to solve this by buying a cheap universal remote, setting it up to control the soundbar, and then using it to the Apple TV. A bit of hoop jumping, and it cost an extra $10, but to me that’s worth the convenience.

Specifically, I bought this Philips SRP3249B/27 via Amazon, programmed the AUD button with code 2706 (Sound Bar, Bose), then used that to program the Apple TV via SettingsRemotes and DevicesVolume ControlLearn New Device….

When going through the learning process on the Apple TV I noticed an interesting quirk: If I followed the on-screen instructions exactly and held the remote button until the progress bar filled up, I would have to press and release the button on the Apple TV remote repeatedly to keep changing the volume. That is, each press/release turned it up or down just one notch on the soundbar.

By repeatedly pressing the button during the learn process the Apple TV learned something slightly different and then holding the button on its remote resulted in the soundbar continually increasing/decreasing the volume as the button is held.

Either way, it’s now working all from the Apple TV remote and all is good again. It just took an intermediate “universal” remote to bridge the gap.

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My Photo Gallery Has Been Removed

Since 2001 or so I’ve been hosting most of my personal photos in a public gallery at nuxx.net/gallery (archive.org link to one of the first instances).

Today, ~21 years later, I’ve taken it down.

I’ve no single reason why; it’s basically a combination of these things:

  • Two years ago I made the photo gallery static, so nothing new was being added.
  • Keeping the gallery online costs $8/mo for the extra 80GB volume at Linode.
  • I previously used this gallery to share a lot of life online. I no longer do this in the same way.
  • Outside of social media, everything I publish online for the last few years has been via this blog.

The aforementioned static archiving of Gallery and backups with Borg made it easy to move hosting to my NAS at home. Now I can continue accessing the site myself while simplifying my public internet presence.

This feels like a huge shift, but the right one.

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